Empiricism: The scientific doctrine stating that all knowledge ultimately comes from sensory experience and observable evidence, rather than intuition or pre-conceived ideas.

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philographics-empiricism From Philographics by Genís Carreras
Eternalism: The philosophical position that time is just another dimension, that future events already exist, and that all points in time are equally real.

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philographics-eternalism From Philographics by Genís Carreras

In the 1990s, a psychologist named Martin Seligman led the positive psychology movement, which placed the study of human happiness squarely at the center of psychology research and theory. It continued a trend that began in the 1960s with humanistic and existential psychology, which emphasized the importance of reaching one’s innate potential and creating meaning in one’s life, respectively.

Skepticism: The method of practicing doubt when regarding what is held as knowledge.

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philographics-skepticism From Philographics by Genís Carreras

Have you ever felt awe and exhilaration while contemplating a vista of jagged, snow-capped mountains? Or been fascinated but also a bit unsettled while beholding a thunderous waterfall such as Niagara? Or felt existentially insignificant but strangely exalted while gazing up at the clear, starry night sky? If so, then you’ve had an experience of what philosophers from the mid-18th century to the present call the sublime. It is an aesthetic experience that modern, Western philosophers often theorise about, as well as, more recently, experimental psychologists and neuroscientists in the field of neuroaesthetics.

Eudaimonism: A system of ethics that evaluates actions in terms of their capacity to produce happiness.

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philographics-eudaimonism From Philographics by Genís Carreras